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Presenter: Harold Zvi Rabbie
After their expulsion from Spain in 1492, many Sephardi Jews headed east, to the Ottoman Empire. But some chose to undergo insincere Christian conversions or head west to Portugal. Some made their way to Protestant countries of Northern Europe or to the New World, where they could revert back to Judaism. This is the story of the earliest Jewish communities in the Netherlands, England, and the Caribbean, which were founded by these Spanish and Portuguese Jews.