This study concerns Jewish refugees from Galicia and Bukovina, fleeing from the Russian front during World War One from their home villages? ( Baligrod, Lesko, Ustrzyki Dolne and many others) to other parts of Austria-Hungary. Starting point of this research are the gravestones in the Jewish cemeteries in Western Bohemia. ? Jewish communities in Eastern Europe (Galicia, Bukovina) were orthodox, so epitaphs of the refugees are mostly in Hebrew. The style, the shape and the decorations of their gravestones is unique, different from other local gravestones.?The second part of presentation shows?the state of their? Galician hometowns at the beginning of 21st century.