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Presenter: Vaclav Chvatal, TAMUS Tachov Archives & Museum Society
This presentation depicts establishment and life of the Jewish communities in small villages, established after migration in 15th to 16th centuries. The main reasons for Jewish migration was often pogroms and expulsions from Czech and German cities, with subsequent loss of citizenship rights and the introduction of trade restrictions. After emigrating from their original living places, the Jews found a new homes in small villages and in mountainous areas far away from important industrial centers. The new Jewish communities were established within a few miles of each other. There were no rural Jewish cemeteries nor communities in Bohemia before 1500. The most important first steps in the new home was the establishment of a cemetery and a synagogue.